Story | Centre for Science and Environment

Story


Pune

Pune is amongst the fastest growing cities in the county. During 1991-2001, its population increased by 50.08 percent. Pune uniquely remains a hub for students from all across the globe, and the growth centre of the IT sector. But with time it has lost its status as the cycle city and traffic congestion has become a serious problem for the city. Two-wheelers account for three fourth of the total vehicular fleet and pose a special challenge. 

Campaigns to reduce traffic congestion

Mumbai Environmental Social Network (MESN):
Started in 2005, it is primarily focused in providing discipline and governance oriented information and solutions to the growing traffic congestion.

Action:

Policy action

The city has implemented first generation reforms and clean fuel programs are running successfully. Many projects have been proposed to upscale the public transportation system in the city and the city’s future depends on the implementation and efficiency of these initiatives.
 
Action on vehicles

Mumbai

Mumbai on the West coast of India is the financial capital of India. The City has grown phenomenally over the years with several suburbs and extended suburbs being added to it. The city is bustling with over 18 million people. Add to this the growing number of immigrants and the pressure on transportation systems. The city has one of the best public transport systems, with a network of suburban railways, public bus, auto rickshaws, taxis, radio cabs. But these do not meet the growing demand for travel.

Air pollution crusader

Subhas Dutta, Environmentalist

Tram crusader

Debasish Bhattacharya, Scientist

Kolkata

Kolkata Municipal Corporation has an area of 185 km2 and the Kolkata Metropolitan Area is spread over 1,750 km2 with 15 million people. Pollution levels in Kolkata are high and on the rise. The city will have to take steps to reduce motorisation, so that it can deal with congestion and air toxins. The city is constrained by the road space – it has less than 10 per cent of its land area under roads, against Delhi’s 21 per cent. Therefore, even though the city has fewer cars than Delhi the result is the same – growing congestion and pollution.

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