Environment minister warns of legal action if officials refuse passes
A large crowd gathered at Mendha Lekha village in Maharashtra's Gadchiroli district in the morning on April 27 to witness a historic event. The state forest department handed over a transit pass book to the village community leader Devaji Tofa, signifying the village gram sabha would henceforth exercise the power to issue transit passes for selling bamboo harvested from the nearby forests.
The passes are needed to take the bamboo out of the village and sell it in the market, but the forest department had been refusing to issue these passes to the residents for the past one-and-a-half years. Mendha Lekha was one of the two villages in the country to win community rights over their forests in December 2009 under the Forest Rights Act of 2006. The Act gives tribal and forest peoples the right to gather and sell minor forest produce (MFP), including bamboo, in the market. The village residents have been fighting for control over bamboo since then.
Over 3,000 people gathered to witness the handing over of the right to issue transit passes. Those present included Union minister of state for environment Jairam Ramesh, Maharashtra chief minister Prithviraj Chavan and state home minister R R Patil.
As soon as he received the passbook, Tofa issue two transit passes. Its recipients were area MLA Namdev Usendi and Sunita Narain of Delhi non-profit Centre for Science and Environment; they had purchased bamboo poles from the village on February 15 when Mendha Lekha organised a symbolic bamboo sale to protest the forest department's intransigence. At that time, Usendi and Narain had applied for transit passes so that they could take the bamboo back with them. Speaking on the occasion, Usendi demanded that people should be given the right to sell other MFPs like mahua and tendu leaves (used for rolling beedis) in the open market.
Tofa called for automatic recognition of right to MFP in all villages across India.
Political leaders gathered at Mendha Lekha were in a generous mood unlike the forest department officials who have been unwilling to let go of control over minor forest produces. Ramesh called for minimum support price for 12 MFPs, including bamboo, tendu leaves, mahua and sal seeds.
Chief minister Chavan was not to be left behind. He called for transit passes for tendu leaves in addition to bamboo. The leaves are another major source of income for forest departments. Chavan said giving forest rights to people is the only way to save forests. Patil, too, called for community rights over tendu leaves as well, saying it would help to improve the lot of forest and tribal peoples. He remarked that people in Gadchiroli district comprise the poorest in the state though it has the highest forest cover in the state at 78 per cent.
The forest department's refusal to issue transit passes for bamboo was criticised by one and all. Ramesh pulled up the state forest department and minister for their anti-people mindset. “If transit pass not given, legal action would be taken against officials,” he warned. He emphasises that the power to issue transit passes for bamboo must be retained by gram sabha.
Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Maharashtra responded by saying bamboo will be included under Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas ) Act (PESA).
Usendi criticised forest department for not knowing the provisions of the Forest Rights Act when uneducated and poor people of Mendha Lekha know it. This made struggle for bamboo necessary, he said.
Department of Environmental Sciences auditorium, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur
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Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a New Delhi-based public interest research and advocacy organisation and is the recipient of the prestigious Stockholm Water Prize. It was recently ranked 17th among a global listing of top environmental think tanks in the Global Go To Think Tank Index, compiled each year by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program of the University of Pennsylvania in the US..