Miles to go before Copenhagen | October 05, 2009 | IST: 9p.m
One week gone and we have not made much progress. In fact, the doomsday scenario - the demise of Kyoto Protocol - seems increasingly to be a reality.
Today in the afternoon, Yu Qingtai, the Chinese Ambassador and Lumumba, Ambassador of Sudan and the current holder the G-77 chair, lashed out at the US and other developed countries for attempting to kill the Kyoto Protocol.
Addressing a press conference organised by the South Centre, Lumumba said that the EU, earlier a supporter of Kyoto Protocol, is now emulating the US in hiding behind isolationist tactics.In a scathing critique, Lumumba pointed out that under the LCA, the group issues of equity and historical responsibilities are being thrown out of the window.
Developed countries are also completely unwilling to announce the details about the mitigation targets they will undertake. They argue that before announcing mitigation target, they need to know what action developing countries will take, without any financial or technological support.
Yu stated that the primary reason why no progress has been made at Bangkok is the lack of political will in Annex I countries to finalize their Kyoto II targets. On the contrary, these countries are seeking to terminate the entire Kyoto process, which, Yu said, was an unfair way to negotiate.
In the last few days there has been uncertainty over the EU’s position on Kyoto. Today morning Sweden, the country heading the EU, clarified that the EU still had faith in the Kyoto process. But then, it said that the EU is looking at a new legal instrument, under which existing bits and pieces of the Kyoto Protocol will be included.
This move amounts to doing away with the current architecture of Kyoto, making a new global deal necessary - that is exactly what the US wants.
India, along with other developing countries, has been opposing this move. The best the developing countries are willing to accept is to take forward the same Kyoto architecture with whatever amendments required.
The meeting of the Contact Group on Mitigation under AWG-LCA has just ended. In the last few minutes, the US suddenly made a new proposal on MRV and recommended a review to be included in the negotiating text.
The recommendation contains a number of proposals. I am sure that developing countries will find a few of them contentious.
The Chair could not resist commenting that such proposals for inclusion in text should be submitted in advance, so that other parties have time to go through them and come back with their comments. The US proposal is attached.
So the scenario in Bangkok is far from ideal. And we are now just 8 negotiating days away (3 more days in Bangkok and 5 in Barcelona) from Copenhagen.