CSE | Centre for Science and Environment

CSE


Lake under scanner

Construction of a new housing project adjacent to the Khurpa tal by the Army Welfare Housing Organization (AWHO) has caused afresh hue and cry among the villagers in the surrounding area when Dr. Ajay S. Rawat, Professor of History in Kumaon University filed a PIL against the illegal boring of groundwater in the area this January.

khurpatal.jpg

Traditional Water Harvesting Systems

TRADITIONAL

Water has been harvested in India since antiquity, with our ancestors perfecting the art of water management. Many water harvesting structures and water conveyance systems specific to the eco-regions and culture has been developed.

RWH Technologies

Traditional

  • Zing
  • Kul
  • Naula
  • Kuhl
  • Khatri
  • Apatani
  • Zabo
  • Cheo-oziihi
  • Bamboo-drip irrigation
  • Dongs
  • Dungs
  • Ahar-pyne
  • Bengal's Inundation channels
  • Dighis
  • Baolis
  • Kunds
  • Kuis
  • Baoris
  • Jhalaras
  • Nadi
  • Tobas
  • Tankas
  • Khadins
  • Vav
  • Virdas
  • Talab
  • Saza kuva
  • Johads
  • Bandh
  • Pat
  • Rapat
  • Chandela Tank
  • Bundela Tank
  • Katas
  • Cheruvu
  • Kohli tanks
  • Bhandaras
  • Phad
  • Kere
  • The Ramtek Model
  • Surangam
  • Korambu
  • Eri
  • Ooranis
  • Jackells

Contemporary: 

  • Artificial Glaciers
  • Nadis
  • Polymer Kundis
  • Chaukas
  • Jaldhar Model
  • Tudum Monga
  • Netorking of Farm Ponds
  • Horizontal Roughening Filter

A look at India's water harvesting practices

Water has been harvested in India since antiquity, with our ancestors perfecting the art of water management. Many water harvesting structures and water conveyance systems specific to the eco-regions and culture has been developed.

Bamboo-img.jpg

Lake protectors

 
C R Shanmugam
 

Urban

Urban water harvesting in India is still in its youth. There are a number of people who worked, against all odds, to make this concept popular. They, the Harvesters, can be found in most urban centres in India

Experience is the best teacher…

There are no limits to technological innovations in rainwater harvesting. Innovators are those who have learned from their experiences and contributed to the betterment of rainwater harvesting technology in India.

Rural

Fashioning change

Water improves agriculture. Agriculture improves animal husbandry. People begin to take care of their watershed, which means more trees and forests. With watershed development, prosperity beckons.

Going beyond water is a philosophy and a practice. Some have gone beyond water to alleviating, actually eradicating, rural poverty. They have dared to traverse the path from ecological regeneration to economic miracle, from water to wealth.

Those with this water vision overwhelmingly belong to civil society.

National Wetlands Policy Nepal 2003

The primary goal of the National Wetlands Policy is to conserve and manage wetlands resources wisely and in a sustainable way with local people’s participation. The policy also aims to put the conservation and management aspects of wetlands conservation within the framework of broader environmental management.

Lake Overview

Traditionally, water was seen as a responsibility of citizens and the community collectively took the responsibility of not only building but also of maintaining the water bodies. Since independence, the government has taken control over the water-bodies and water supply.

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