Jaipur is the political and economical capital of Rajasthan. The city currently houses a population of around 3.9 million in an area spanning 200 sq. km. It is historically the first planned city of the country built in a period of 4 years from 1727 to 1731 AD. Today, Jaipur is the center for education and employment opportunities in the state as well as a vibrant tourist destination. The improving socio-economic status, easy availability of vehicles, increase in population and lack of good public transport is resulting in steep growth of vehicles. The city specifically faces problems of congestion in the old city areas, vehicular pollution, poor public transport, inadequate pedestrian and parking facilities and needs immediate solutions for these issues.
First generation action has begun. The city is far from meeting the clean air standards, especially for particulate matter. The rapidly growing number of vehicles poses threat to the first generation reforms. Clean fuel program, vehicle phase out and push to public transport can be expected to provide some respite.
Interpretation of Ambient Air Quality and Air Quality Parameters in Jaipur city - A case study By Sheetal Agarwal, B. L. Swami and A. B. Gupta Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, Volume 7, Issue No. 4, Dec 2008 , Page No 573-578