Centre for Science and Environment


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Sponge iron process will dominate Indian Steel Sector very soon. But its manufacturing process, based on coal, is highly polluting. The repercussions are a;ready visible near sponge iron factories. Public rage is widespread.

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Health and safety is the achilles' heel of the Indian steel secto. The fatality rate of this sector is one of the hieghest in the world.

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Steel industry is complex and highly pollution intensive. Way ahead, the sector is growing rapidly, so at every stage of steel making, better efficiency and pollution control is inevitable.

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Closer scrutiny by NGO Centre for Science and Environment, however, shows the process is not quite as CO2 emission-free as claimed

Early in May, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) announced the discovery of a new method of producing steel that is free of CO2 emissions. The process, known as molten oxide electrolysis (MOE), was initially employed to generate oxygen. The product generated was oxygen and, astonishingly, steel.

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Fast-expanding steel industry yet to find an effective way to reuse its waste product, slag

The road to Tarkera village in Rourkela offers an unusual sight: grey hillocks amid lush green hills. The strange addition to the landscape is slag, a waste product of the steel industry, which has piled up over decades.

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Based on the findings of the environmental, health, safety, local community relations and sustainability issues of major Indian steel plants as studied by CSE's Green Rating Project, Members of Parliament in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha raised questions on the poor performance of sector to the Union Ministers of Environment and Steel respectively.

Date: 10 December 2012

Read full document: Parliament discusses CSE's Steel sector Green Rating Project  

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Date: 5 November 2012

State-owned steel giant’s profits are found increasingly because of raw material (iron ore) subsidies and not due to real economic value addition. This only leads to wastage and poor operational management during steel making, thereby causing higher pollution

Read full document: The other side of SAIL's profits.pdf

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CLSA U Research - Long way to green

Date: 30 October 2012

Faced with limited resources and competition, few Indian mining/metals companies have improved their green footprint. Regular violations of environmental laws and poor safety track records suggest that steelmakers have a long way to go to achieve best-in-class benchmarks.

Stiff regulations, strict enforcement, resource constraints and competitive threats should drive better behaviour. CSE's GRP team explains how increased investor scrutiny can help the green production cause

Read the full document: Long way to green

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From left to right: Mr. Sandipan Mukherjee, Member Sec. WBPCB, Ms. Sunita Narain, DG CSE, Dr. Sudarshan Ghosh Dastidar, Environment Minister, West Bengal, Mr. Chandra Bhushan, DDG, CSE, and Mr. S K Roy, Chief Blast Furnace, Tata Steel Jamshedpur

West Bengal-based steelmakers rank as some of the worst of the lot

India is world's fourth largest steel producer. The demand for iron and steel in the country is growing exponentially owing to rapid industrialization and infrastructural demand.  But steel sector is also highly polluting and is categorized as one of the most polluting sector among 17 sectors identified by Central Pollution Control Board.

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CSE’s Green Rating Project had warned Vizag Steel to shore up its safety measures

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This core sector has a long way to go in meeting environmental norms, finds CSE green rating survey released on eve of World Environment Day

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The project was conceived in the mid- 1990s when Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) director Anil Agarwal visited the United States. He read about the work of a non-governmental organisation (NGO) called the Council of Economic Priorities (CEP), which rated the social and environmental performance of industries in the US.

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