Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is an important tool to inform decision makers, regulators and stakeholders, about the possible social and economic impact of a proposed project.
To be effective, it requires the active involvement of all concerned stakeholders.
The Centre for Science and Environment launched its first SIA Training Programme with an objective to enhance the capacity on Social Impact Assessment (SIA) with the exposure of participants from theory to practices in SIA. The programmes have succeeded in giving practical exposure to participants on SIA with specific reference to development projects, such as infrastructure, mining and other industrial projects to understand the SIA process, reconnaissance and baseline survey, land acquisition survey and plan, preparation of the resettlement action plan (RAP) and evaluating the SIA report. The programme also aims at giving exposure to participants regarding aspects of SIA such as:
1. Exposure to aspects of SIA, from theory to applications regarding:
Understanding the Terms of Reference
Data need, data collection, collation and interpretation
Development of tools and instruments for conducting SIA survey
Effective assessment methodologies
2. Integrated approach for addressing SIA and EIA process - from scoping, data collection to impact assessment as well as the role of public consultations
3. Knowledge on review of SIA reports and identification of strengths and weaknesses
4. Post SIA monitoring
5. Procedure for institutional strengthening and capacity building
6. Experience sharing on national and international best practices in SIA
The programme has been widely attended by NGOs, students, academicians, industry professionals, consultants and South Asia regulators from Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh Nepal and Afghnaistan.
The minerals sector is a key driver for the country’s industrial growth. However, it has brought in its wake severe environmental repercussions and social conflicts. One of the greatest challenges, therefore, is how to make mining environmentally and socially acceptable. Unfortunately, most EIA/SIA reports either overlook or poorly interpret the critical issues related to a mining project.