Aviation and Environment | Centre for Science and Environment


Aviation and Environment

Introduction

Aviation is one of the fastest growing industries worldwide and the fastest growing transportation mode in India.

In 2006-2007 the Indian civil aviation sector experienced a phenomenal growth rate of about 40%. Considering that less than 1 % of the population in India boards a plane during the year, the future growth potential seems massive. Leading aircraft manufacturer Airbus expects the Indian domestic aviation to be the strongest growing market for the next two decades worldwide. While aviation undoubtedly plays a vital role in supporting the economy and creates societal benefits, it also contributes significantly to climate change and to a lesser degree to air pollution. It was the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) in 1999 that shed light on this issue for the first time by attributing 3.5% of man-made climate impact to the aviation sector.

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