Churning Still Water - Briefing Paper on Urban Waterbodies
Urban waterbodies play an important role in flood control, groundwater recharge and water supply to help cities adapt to climate change effects.
Today these waterbodies are encroached, full of sewage, garbage or just filled up and built over. “Churning still water”, CSE's briefing paper on the state of urban waterbodies, conservation and management in India, has tried to bring out the threats to the urban waterbodies in India. The paper has also reviewed the existing policies, acts and laws to tackle the loss of these bodies of water.
Currently, India is far off-track in achieving its sanitation targets. Apart from open defecation and lack of sanitation facilities in urban and rural areas; the management of septage has been largely neglected and is not a priority due to the lack of awareness of its heavy contribution to environmental degradation, poor sanitation and ill-effects to health. “Septage” is the waste that accumulates in onsite sanitation systems (OSS e.g.