Currently, India is far off-track in achieving its sanitation targets. Apart from open defecation and lack of sanitation facilities in urban and rural areas; the management of septage has been largely neglected and is not a priority due to the lack of awareness of its heavy contribution to environmental degradation, poor sanitation and ill-effects to health. “Septage” is the waste that accumulates in onsite sanitation systems (OSS e.g. septic tanks), where limited attention has been given to the proper construction, maintenance management, treatment and safe disposal of septage. The construction and management of OSS are left largely to ineffective local practices. Forecasted increase in urbanization will result in more households installing septic tanks which would magnify the problem. However, there is still no separate policy for septage management in India and limited capacities and resources of urban local bodies (ULBs) have further resulted in minimal regulation and maintenance of these systems.
In response, the “National Urban Sanitation Policy” (Hindi / English) was implemented in 2008 by the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), with the vision to transform all towns/cities of India to 100% sanitized, healthy and livable areas with sustained public health and improved environmental outcomes for all citizens. There has been considerable development since the implementation of the NUSP, therefore in order to encourage and recognize excellent performance in promoting urban sanitation, the “National Rating for Cities” was conducted in 2009-2010. A total of 423 cities (population >100,000) were assessed in terms of their performance across various aspects of sanitation. Each city was scored under 19 indicators which set out the standards for the entire cycle of sanitation which are safe access, collection, treatment and disposal of all liquid and solid waste. On the basis of a rating scheme cities were placed in different categories, where 419 out of 423 cities needed urgent action and improvement in terms of improving sanitation (Results of National Rating for cities). This advancement can stem from building capacities of ULBs to develop effective strategies for improved sanitation through City Sanitation Plans.
Likewise, there have been other efforts to instigate progress in this area. WSP (water & sanitation programme) has addressed this issue by preparing an informative document which outlines strategies and guidelines for national level septage management in India. Likewise, CSE has developed a national policy paper on this subject, which presents the existing framework and highlights key policy recommendations to move forward. The MoUD also developed an advisory note on the same; however it is not mandatory and binding in nature. The common theme that evokes from these preparatory documents is the need for developing local capacities at a larger scale to address the issue.
Taking this into consideration, the Ministry of Urban Development (Government of India) has implemented a “Capacity Building Scheme for Urban Local Bodies” (CBULB), where it acknowledges the lack of skilled man power for local governance as one of the key concerns of urban development. The main aim is to strengthen ULBs through capacity building for effective governance and sound financial management for urban development as articulated in the 11th Plan.
About the Training Programme
Acknowledging the current situation, CSE, as a “Centre of Excellence” designated by the MoUD, are conducting a “Training Programme on Septage Management” from September 8-10, 2014, in order to raise awareness/knowledge and most importantly capacity of local bodies to address this issue.
Target Groups: Main target group for this training are middle to senior level ULB officials as well as operational level staff. ULB officers will be targeted from Project Implementation Units (PIU) or Project Management Units (PMU). The operational level staff should be aware about daily challenges of city sanitation management and future development plans of their cities.
Middle and operational level engineers/managers/administrators will also be targeted from ULBs including corporations, municipalities, development authorities, Jal boards/ Jal nigam, water supply and sewerage boards, water authorities, PHED etc.
CSE, Anil Agarwal Environment Institute (AAETI)
38, Tughlakabad Institutional Area, New Delhi
No Registration Fees. TA/DA will be sanctioned by respective state governments
Currently, India is far off-track in achieving its sanitation targets. Apart from open defecation and lack of sanitation facilities in urban and rural areas; the management of septage has been largely neglected and is not a priority due to the lack of awareness of its heavy contribution to environmental degradation, poor sanitation and ill-effects to health. “Septage” is the waste that accumulates in onsite sanitation systems (OSS e.g.